Fixing Minor Damage

Floor Sanding and Polishing

Hardwood floors are quite robust. But no floor material is perfects, so even the best floor may suffer damage.

One great advantage of Hardwood flooring is their ability to be re-sanded. Surface damage, can be removed from a hardwood floor by sanding off the top most layer. This can true even if the surface damage is quite extensive

Often the damage on a wooden floors is minor and limited to a small area. A board or two might be scratched when some furniture was removed. This should not require anything as extensive as a re-sanding. Often the damage can be repaired in a straight forward way.

Check to see that the floor does or does not have a wax finish. Apply a little paint thinner / mineral spirts to an inconspicuous part of the floor an wipe it off with an old white rag. If the rag turns brown of yellow then the finish is probably wax.

Waxed Floors

Waxed floors can often have any damage repaired, or scratched concealed, with re-waxing.

For Lacquered or Oil Floors

  1. Sand the damaged part of the floor with a sanding block or sandpaper. Use 120 -180 grit sand paper. Move the sandpaper / block in the same direction as the grain. And only remove as much material as necessary, i.e.: just barely remove the scratches.
  2. Some areas of the floors, heavy traffic areas, will be worn. If might be a good idea to lightly sand these areas too.
  3. Vacuum the floor to remove all dust form sanding. Do not sweep as this leaves dust in the air and in the cracks between the boards.
  4. Apply oil or lacquer to the area(s) that were sanded. Use the same lacquer or oil as used on the rest of the floor. Wear a respirator as the fumes are harmful.
  5. Wait at least three hours before reapplying a second coat.
  6. Leave windows open so the room is ventilated.
  7. Wait at least a day before moving furniture or rugs back onto the floor.

Have the floor polished to restore the shine.